ONGOLE is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The Municipality was formed in the year 1876 and was Upgraded to Municipal Corporation on 25.01.2012. The city is one of the 13 municipal corporations in the state and also the Headquarters of Ongole mandal. It is the 13th largest city in the state by means of population.
Ongole is located in the eastern portion of the Prakasam District at 15.5°N 80.05°E. It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft). Ongole is the Head quarter’s town of Prakasam District having located a good number of District and Mandal level Offices of the State Government.
There are 6 zones; 50 Election Wards & 36 Revenue Wards
The town is located on the eastern coast of Andhra Pradesh at a distance of about 20 Km from the Bay of Bengal and lice between 15 - 30 and 16 North latitude and 79 – 80 East longitude. It is situated in the midst of rich agricultural lands which produce commercial crops like Tobacco, Cotton, Chilies and Pulses etc., The annual average rainfall 794.5 mm receiving both North-East & South – West Mansoons, results to high yields particularly for the paddy crop under wet irrigation inspite of untimely, unwanted cyclone causing heavy damage to the crops. The town situated on the main Railway route of Howrah – Chennai, Chennai-New Delhi, and has connecting railway routes to Hyderabad. One of the major highway NH.5 is passing through the town.
HISTORY OF THE TOWN
Ongole District was carved out of three taluks of Guntur District i.e.Addanki, Chirala and Ongole, four taluks of Nellore Distict i.e., Kandukur, Kanigiri, Podili and Darsi, and two taluks i.e., Markapur and Giddalur of Kurnool District. The District was constituted on 2nd February 1970, and was renamed as prakasam District with effect form 12-05-1972, in memory of the great patriot and popular leader, late Sri Tangutur Prakasam Panthulu, who was born in Vinoda Rayani Palem Village of this District. It is one of the nine coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh The District is famous and proud of its indigenous Bull called ‘Ongole Bull’. Ongole bulls have unique and composite characters, which are of rare occurrence in other bulls. They are large and massive in size with fleshy dewlap hanging in folds. The ‘Semen’ of the Ongole Bull is being preserved and exported to some of the western countries. The town is situated on the South Central Railway Grand Trunk line connecting Howrah and Chennai.It is located on the National Highway No.5 connecting Kolkatta with Chennai cities and State High Way connecting Kurnool via Nandyala. Being the District Head Quarters, it is connected with all the major towns and rural areas by a good network of bus services. It is also a commercial center for Agricultural produce. From the surrounding village, the agricultural produce comes to the town for sale. Cheemakurty, which is 20 Kms away from Ongole Town, is famous for Granite Industry, which is of superior quality, and being exported to other countries. But, other Industries such as Industrial Estates, Agricultural Marketing yard for encouraging Industrial and Agricultural growth around the town.